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Border Collie

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Border collie derives from the border region between Scotland, Wales, and England where it was bred with the purpose of herding sheep, goats, and cattle. The Border collie is considered one of the best herding dogs in the world. It is still used on farms all over the world.

The Border collie has a high energy level and is extremely easily trained. This combination makes it perfect for agility competitions and as a working dog. Today, the Border collie is often seen living with comfort in a family – as long as it gets plenty of physical and mental stimulation.

Character and behaviour
A Border collie is a very intelligent breed that is capable of creating instinctive and intuitive co-operation with its owner on the basis of its herding background.

Thus, the Border collie makes an excellent choice if you want to enter agility competitions or the like. Due to its high level of energy the Border collie requires a lot of exercise and it will easily become restless or frustrated if its needs are not met.

Because it is a herding dog the Border collie will instinctively notice movements in its surroundings. It will then try to influence the direction of a family member, bicycle, or car in order to ‘herd’ them in the right direction. That is a very funny or dangerous act depending on the circumstances.

Appearance, grooming and health
The Border collie is athletic and has a beautiful coat. It is a medium-sized breed with a life expectancy of 12 years. The Border collie has a double-layered coat, which is both smooth and dense. It can have many different colours but most often it is black and white or a three-colour combination.

An all white dog is, however, also possible. Eye colour varies and it is not uncommon for a Border collie to have two different coloured eyes. The ears can either be upright or almost horizontal. The male Border collie is typically 19-22 inches and weighs 30-45 pounds. The female is smaller and lighter.

History of the breed
The Border collie derives from herding dogs in and around Scotland, Wales, and England. The term ‘collie’ was applied for the first time at the end of the 19th century. In 1906 the ISDS (The International Sheepdog Society) was developed and the Border collie’s pedigree was recorded. However, the breed was not recognised by the English kennel club until 1976.

What you should know about the breed:

  • Full of energy it needs a lot of exercise and metal stimulation
  • Very playful
  • One of the most easily trained and intelligent dogs in the world
  • A medium-sized naturally looking dog without any specific bred proportions
  • Beautiful coat, which is relatively easy to groom
  • Needs a lot of exercise
  • It sheds quite a bit
  • Can be reserved and suspicious towards strangers if it has not been socialised sufficiently
  • Does not like to be left alone. Enjoys activities with the family

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