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The Dachshund is a short-legged and elongated dog breed. The breeds German name “Dachshund” directly translated means badger dog. The Dachshund was bred to track, chase and hunt badgers and other cave dwelling animals in holes during hunting.

Due to their long and narrow build the dachshund is often called a wiener dog. Notwithstanding the German origin of the dachshund’s English name the Dachshund is actually either called a Dackel or Teckel in German speaking countries.

The Dachshund breeds history
Some theorists are of the opinion that the dachshund has roots dating back to ancient Egypt where old carvings in stone resembled short-legged hunting dogs. The American University in Cairo has found mummified remains of dachshund-like dogs in ancient Egyptian burial urns and that may lend support to this theory.

But it is commonly known that the modern Dachshund is a result of mixing European dogs that includes elements of German, French and English hounds and terriers. Dachshunds have been kept in the royal courts in most of Europe, including Queen Victoria, who loved the breed. Dachshunds were originally bred to hunt badgers and other cave dwelling animals. The first verified references to Dachshunds (originally called “Dachs Kriecher” or “Dachs Krieger” – badger warrior) are found in books from the early 1700s.

Before this, there are references to “badger dog” and “hole dogs”, but these refer more likely to specific purposes, more than to specific breeds. The original German dachshund was larger than the modern breed and weighed between 14-18 kg. Although the breed is famous for its use in the eradication of badgers, the dachshund was also often used to hunt rabbits, foxes, tracking wounded game, and packs of dachshunds were also used to hunt wild boars or even wolverine.

Dachshund are famous for their hanging ears and curved tail that was deliberately bred into the breed. The hanging ears were designed to ensure that grass seeds, dirt etc. doesn’t get into the dog’s ear canal. The curved tail has two purporses: 1) To make sure that the dachshund is visibile even in high grass 2) and to assist the owner if he needs to pull the dog out of a hole in the ground if the dog gets stuck.

The smooth shorthaired dachshund is a cross between a German shorthaired Pinscher and Bracke. The long-haired dachshund is a cross between many of the small dog breeds in the spaniel group, the German Stoberhund and the shorthaired Dachshund. The wire-haired Dachshund is a cross between the short-haired Dachshund, Dandie Dinmont Terrier and the German wire-haired Pinscher.

Dachshund coat and colors
The functional wire-haried coat is very recognizable for the breed. The coat is resistant to all weather and is water repellent. The undercoat is thick enough to insulate against the cold in winter, but is so thin that it is almost invisible in the summer. The outer coat is short, straight, raw, twists and lies flat against the dog.

The hairs on the lower leg are shorter and softer in texture between the dog’s toes. On the head the hair is naturally shorter and closer to the skull. Over the dog’s shoulders and around the tail the hair is very thick and heavy. Eyebrows are of thick straight hair. Beard and whiskers are medium in length.

If you are considering buying Dachshund you should take into account the following:

Would you like to have a dog that is:

  • Small and convenient in size.
  • A Dachshund actually needs only little exercise.
  • Is lively and playful.
  • Has a good-natured temperament and get along great with other dogs and animals.
  • Lives a long life (up to 15 years).

This can be negative depending on your personal preferences:

  • A Dachshund can be stubborn.
  • A Dachshund might be aggressive towards especially larger dogs, it does not know.
  • The hunting instinct in a Dachshund is strong, so it might chase small animals.
  • Can be difficult to housebreak as a puppy.
  • Can have a tendency to bark a lot.
  • Likes to dig a lot of holes in the garden.

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